OK, some specifics.
#1, don't bring up firearms unless you are wearing a flak jacket. To see why just use the CF search function to find the many, many, many previous discussions on that subject. My opinion, and I have cruised with and without guns
on board, is most of the time it isn't worth the hassled. The majority of the countries in the world tend to freak over guns
in possession of visitors and much of the time you end up surrendering the gun to the local authorities until you leave so you won't have it anyway. I will say no more in fear of starting another contentious gun thread. Just go read some of the previous.
Speaking of search, many of your questions have already been asked by two or three hundred other newbs so try searching the forum archives
with keywords specific to some of your questions.
information (both the official type and also referring to local culture and such), local safety
and political stability, etc is covered quite well at Noonsite: The global site for cruising sailors
. You can spend a few hours there reading up on every country in the world with a shoreline. Also a section with general news related to boating
, latest pirate and crime reports, etc. Also good information about different ports
in each country, places to anchor
This should keep you busy for a few weeks.