For those folks who think they have too much weather
helm here is a tip: First check the mast's foot. some have a half moon metal plate fitted to the bottom(Cheoy Lees for example). That allows you to rake the mast
aft. Raking the mast
aft even two degrees from vertical will remove some weather helm. You can fit a plate to the bottom if one is not already there.
This is mostly a problem with ketch
and yawl configurations.
Sometimes you will see boats with a lot of rake which indicates a hull
that really wants to round up into the wind
. Farther aft you rake, the less weather helm. Rake it enough and it will have lee helm(not good).
Itod, captains use to rake their masts according to how much cargo they were stowing and where stowed. Look at old photos. In harbor most masts are vertical. At sea, they are raked, sometimes severely so. Deeper the hull
, more it wants to head
into the wind
. Old timers would go off soundings and fuss with the rake for different loads so they would have a good idea how to adjust the masts in port for the loads they were to carry.