No matter the mailing address on the documentation, the vesel tax goes to the State or County that the vessel is berthed in or spends most of its time in. So for example if you documented your vessel to a Florida
address, but berhted it in New York
for at least six months a year, you would be subject to NY Taxes
As far as using State Registration
or Federal Documentation... Documenting the vessel, will not relieve you of taxes since the USCG provides a list to the local Tax Assessors of all vessels registered in their jurisdiction. Most states also require Marinas
to provide list of berthers to the Tax Assessors... So basically big brother is watching with his hand out...
This also becomes a little bit of a hastle when you live in one place and have the boat in another. In our case, our vessel was not in the county we lived in. Our county of residence made us prove to them, by dock
bills, that the vessel was in berthed in another county. Not a big hastle, but a pain anyway.
Also, if you decide to obtain a mortgage on your new vessel, many lenders are requiring the boat to be USCG Documented in order to ensure they can repossess the vessel internationally.
As previously mentioned, most foreign ports
will easily recognise a USCG Documention Certicficate, but many will look twice at a state registration card. If you are planning on traveling internationally, documenting the vessel will give you less headaches.
As far as hailing ports
go... let your mind go wild! Any city or geographical location can be used... When we lived in San Francisco
, there was a boat there called the Great Escape
with a hailing port of Alcatraz Island