Welcome. You've opended a can of worms with the questions. I'll give you my responses but one thing that sure, is sailors can be pretty opinionated and you're sure to get others......
You said - Hey Everyone, I am new to sailing, and I am looking for information regarding different types of boats and sailing in general. I have never sailed before but I plan to retire(close to 20 years from now) sailing around the world. I was wondering what type of boat would be needed for that type of travel, such as minimum length, and equipment
needed, and even type of boat that would be best, monohull
or multihull, brand names, and how old of a boat would you feel comfortable with sailing across the ocean? Should I go new or would a good used be sufficiant. Economical of course, not too extravagant. From my research
it seems like the multihull would be the better fit for me but nothin is definate yet. I hear some say that the multihull would not be the best to cross the ocean's in, that is why I need your advise. This is something that will probubly not happen for a little while of course since I have never sailed before. So that brings me to question #2.
We prefer monohulls for their motion at sea and lower costs to berth in marinas
. Other prefer multihills due to the space made available. Older cats used to be faster than older multihulls - but today a fast cruising mono would pace a modern similar sized cruising cat.
Brand? There are hundereds to choose from - most are fine. If you go multiphull most are relatviely light (to preserve speed) but if you go mono you'll need to decide if its all snug and heavy and slow, or light and fast, or something in the middle. As stated before, each skipper
is pretty one eyed about whats best for him / her.
New or secondhand? I'd venture buying
secondhand is much better value. Boats like cars, depreciate quicker in the first few years so relative bargains can be found.
You said - What can I do to learn? What is a cheaper way to learn the basics of sailing and down the road, what is the best way to become experienced enough to attempt the around the world trip, Courses, experience, etc. Also, when people sail the world, do they usually sail in groups of boats or individually.
Study. Read. Use a local library to devour every book you can find on sailing to teach you skills, weather
, etc etc. If you find really good books
- think about buying
them after you've read them to keep for reference.
Get out sailing. Dependent on location find a sailing club and go ask if they have crew spots for someone who's prepared to come along and particiapte each week. A keen crew member
with nix experience is better than a superhero who does not turn up on a race
day! If you can afford it - find any accredited sailing school
and investigate their lesson plans.
Maybe even, when you feel confident enough, buy a small trailerable yacht to call your own - and stumble along as most of us have, learning
as you go.
Whilst it may sound risky to sail off into the sunset when inexperienced, lots and lots of people do. Just read some news on the last Atlantic Rally for Cruisers (ARC) and some skipper
only started sailing six month prior!!
Best to cruise
in company? Maybe. Suits some, and can provide the scene for good parties. But not for everyone.
You said - Finally, what cost are expected in your travels, such as the average fee to stay docked at a marina for a couple days. Fuel
costs, etc. Also, can you get enough electricity from solar panels
turbines to power your boat or do you have to use your generator
to get enough power. I know there are alot of questions here but I would appreciate any information you could give me about any of my questions. Thanks a bunch.
Sorry can't provide US marina pricing but suspect its varied by location. Equally hard to give a rule
of thimb om maintainance costs - its going to be more for older vessels than newer. We sail a 46 foot relatively new and I budget
for at least $5,000 per year.
And yes - solar panels
, wind, waves can make any vessel 100% self sustaining.