**ENGINEERING MECHANICS,
STRENGTH OF MATERIALS AND
STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS.
ENGINEERING MECHANICS **
Units and Dimensions, SI Units, Vectors,
Concept of Force, Concept of particle and
rigid body. Concurrent, Non Concurrent
and parallel forces in a plane, moment of
force and Varignon's theorem, free body
diagram, conditions of equilibrium,
Principle of virtual work, equivalent force
system.
First and Second Moment of area, Mass
moment of Inertia.
Static Friction, Inclined Plane and bearings.
Kinematics and Kinetics :
Kinematics in Cartesian and Polar Coordinates,
motion under uniForm and
nonuniForm acceleration, motion under
gravity. Kinetics of particle Momentum
and Energy principles, D' Alembert's
Principle, Collision of elastic bodies, rotation
of rigid bodies, simple harmonic
motion, Flywheel.

**STRENGTH OF MATERIALS **
Simple Stress and Strain, Elastic constants,
axially loaded compression members,
Shear force and bending moment,
theory of simple bending, Shear Stress
distribution across cross sections, Beams
of uniForm strength, Leaf spring. Strain
Energy in direct stress, bending & shear.
Deflection of beams Mecaulay's method,
Mohr's Moment area method, Conjugate
beam method, unit load method. Torsion
of Shafts, Transmission of power, close
coiled helical springs, Elastic stability of
columns, Euler's Rankine's and Secant
formulae. Principal Stresses and Strains
in two dimensions, Mohr's Circle,
Theories of Elastic Failure, Thin and Thick
cylinder Stresses due to internal and
external pressure-Lame's equations.

**STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS **
Castiglianio's theorems I and II, unit load
method, method of consistent deformation
applied to beams and pin jointed
trusses. Slope-deflection, moment distribution,
Kani's method of analysis and column
Analogy method applied to indeterminate
beams and rigid frames.
Rolling loads and Influences lines
Influences lines for Shear Force and
Bending moment at a section of a beam.
Criteria for maximum shear force and
bending Moment in beams traversed by a
system of moving loads. Influences lines
for simply supported plane pin jointed
trusses.

**Arches ** Three hinged, two hinged and
fixed arches, rib shortening and temperature
effects, influence lines in arches.
Matrix methods of analysis Force
method and displacement method of
analysis of indeterminate beams and rigid
frames.
Plastic Analysis of beams and frames
Theory of plastic bending, plastic analysis,
statical method, Mechanism method.
Unsymmetrical bending Moment of inertia,
product of inertia, position of Neutral
Axis and Principle axes, calculation of
bending stresses.

**DESIGN OF STRUCTURES ** STEEL,
CONCRETE AND MASONRY
STRUCTURES.
STRUCTURAL STEEL DESIGN
Structural Steel : Factors of safety and
load factors. Rivetted, bolted and welded
joints and connections. Design of tension
and compression members, beams of
built up section, rivetted and welded plate
girders, gantry girders, stancheons with
battens and lacings, slab and gussetted
column bases.
Design of highway and railway bridges
Through and deck type plate girder,
Warren girder, Pratt truss.

**DESIGN OF CONCRETE AND
MASONRY STRUCTURES **
Concept of mix design. Reinforced
Concrete Working Stress and Limit State
method of design-Recommendations of
I.S. codes design of one way and two way
slabs, stair-case slabs, simple and continuous
beams of rectangular, T and L sections.
Compression members under direct
load with or without eccentricity, Isolated
and combined footings.
Cantilever and Counterfort type retaining
walls.
Water tanks Design requirements for
Rectangular and circular tanks resting on
ground.
Prestressed concrete Methods and systems
of prestressing, anchorages,
Analysis and design of sections for flexure
based on working stress, loss of prestress.
Design of brick masonry as per I.S.
Codes
Design of masonry retaining walls.

**FLUID MECHANICS, OPEN CHANNEL
FLOW AND HYDRAULIC MACHINES
Fluid Mechanics ** Fluid properties and
their role in fluid motion, fluid statics
including forces acting on plane and curve
surfaces.
Kinematics and Dynamics of Fluid flow
Velocity and accelerations, stream lines,
equation of continuity, irrotational and
rotational flow, velocity potential and
stream functions, flownet, methods of
drawing flownet, sources and sinks, flow
separation, free and forced vortices.
Control volume equation, continuity,
momentum, energy and moment of
momentum equations from control volume
equation, Navier-Stokes equation,
Euler's equation of motion, application to
fluid flow problems, pipe flow, plane,
curved, stationary and moving vanes,
sluice gates, weirs, orifice meters and
Venturi meters.

**Dimensional Analysis and Similitude **
Buckingham's Pi-theorem, dimensionless
parameters, similitude theory, model laws,
undistorted and distorted models.

**Laminar Flow ** Laminar flow between
parallel, stationary and moving plates,
flow through tube.

**Boundary layer ** Laminar and turbulent
boundary layer on a flat plate, laminar
sublayer, smooth and rough boundaries,
drag and lift.

Turbulent flow through pipes Characteristics of turbulent flow, velocity distribution and variation of pipe friction factor, hydraulic grade line and total energy line, siphons, expansion and contractions in pipes, pipe networks, water hammer in pipes and surge tanks.

**Open channel flow ** UniForm and nonuniForm
flows, momentum and energy
correction factors, specific energy and
specific force, critical depth, resistance
equations and variation of roughness
coefficient, rapidly varied flow, flow in contractions,
flow at sudden drop, hydraulic
jump and its applications surges and
waves, gradually varied flow, classification
of surface profiles, control section,
step method of integration of varied flow
equation, moving surges and hydraulic
bore.

**HYDRAULIC MACHINES AND
HYDROPOWER **
Centrifugal pumps-Types, characteristics,
Net Positive Suction Height (NPSH), specific
speed. Pumps in parallel.
Reciprocating pumps, Airvessels,
Hydraulic ram, efficiency parameters,
Rotary and positive displacement pumps,
diaphragm and jet pumps.
Hydraulic turbines, types classification,
Choice of turbines, performance parameters,
controls, characteristics, specific
speed.
Principles of hydropower development.
Type, layouts and Component works.
Surge tanks, types and choice. Flow duration
curves and dependable flow. Storage
an pondage. Pumped storage plants.
Special features of mini, micro-hydel
plants.

**GEO TECHNICAL ENGINEERING**
Types of soil, phase relationships, consistency
limits particles size distribution,
classifications of soil, structure and clay
mineralogy.
Capillary water and structural water,
effective stress and pore water pressure,
Darcy's Law, factors affecting permeability,
determination of permeability, permeability
of stratified soil deposits.
Seepage pressure, quick sand condition,
compressibility and consolidation,
Terzaghi's theory of one dimensional consolidation,
consolidation test.

Compaction of soil, field control of compaction. Total stress and effective stress parameters, pore pressure coefficients. Shear strength of soils, Mohr Coulomb failure theory, Shear tests. Earth pressure at rest, acive and passive pressures, Rankine's theory, Coulomb's wedge theory, earth pressure on retaining wall, sheetpile walls, Braced excavation. Bearing capacity, Terzaghi and other important theories, net and gross bearing pressure.

Immediate and consolidation settlement. Stability of slope, Total Stress and Effective Stress methods, Conventional methods of slices, stability number. Subsurface exploration, methods of boring, sampling, penetration tests, pressure meter tests. Essential features of foundation, types of foundation, design criteria, choice of type of foundation, stress distribution in soils, Boussinessq's theory, Newmarks's chart, pressure bulb, contact pressure, applicability of different bearing capacity theories, evaluation of bearing capacity from field tests, allowable bearing capacity, Settlement analysis, allowable settlement.

Proportioning of footing, isolated and combined footings, rafts, buoyancy rafts, Pile foundation, types of piles, pile capacity, static and dynamic analysis, design of pile groups, pile load test, settlement of piles, lateral capacity. Foundation for Bridges. Ground improvement techniques- preloading, sand drains, stone column, grouting, soil stabilisation.

**CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY,
EQUIPMENT, PLANNING AND
MANAGEMENT**

**1. Construction Technology** :
Engineering Materials
Physical properties of construction materials
Stones, Bricks and Tiles; Lime, Cement
and Surkhi Mortars; Lime Concrete and
Cement Concrete, Properties of freshly
mixed and hardened concrete, Flooring
Tiles, use of ferrocement, fibre-reinforced
and polymer concrete, high strength concrete
and light weight concrete. Timber :
Properties and uses; defects in timber;
seasoning and preservation of timber.
Plastics, rubber and damp-proofing materials,
termite proofing, Materials, for Low
cost housing.

**Construction** :
Building components and their functions;
Brick masonry Bonds, jointing. Stone
masonry. Design of Brick masonry walls
as per I.S. codes, factors of safety,
serviceability and strength requirements;
plastering, pointing. Types of Floors &
Roofs. Ventilators, Repairs in buildings.
Functional planning of building Building
orientation, circulation, grouping of areas,
privacy concept and design of energy
efficient building; provisions of National
Building Code.
Building estimates and specifications;
Cost of works; valuation.

**2. Construction Equipment **
Standard and special types of equipment,
Preventive maintenance and repair,
factors affecting the selection of equipment,
economical life, time and motion
study, capital and maintenance cost.
Concreting equipments : Weigh batcher,
mixer, vibration, batching plant,
Concrete pump.
Earth-work equipment : Power shovel
hoe, bulldozer, dumper, trailors, and tractors,
rollers, sheep foot roller.

**3. Construction Planning and
Management ** Construction activity,
schedules, job layout, bar charts, organization
of contracting firms, project control
and supervision. Cost reduction
measures.
New-work analysis CPM and PERT
analysis, Float Times, cashing of activities,
contraction of network for cost optimization,
up dating, Cost analysis and
resource allocation.
Elements of Engineering Economics,
methods of appraisal, present worth,
annual cost, benefit-cost, incremental
analysis. Economy of scale and size.
Choosing between alternatives including
levels of investments. Project profitability.

**SURVEY AND TRANSPORTATION
ENGINEERING**

**Survey ** Common methods of distance
and angle measurements, plane table
survey, levelling traverse survey, triangulation
survey, corrections, and adjustments,
contouring, topographical map.
Surveying instruments for above purposes.
Tacheometry. Circular and transition
curves.

**Principles of photogrammetry.**
Railways Permanent way, sleepers, rail
fastenings, ballast, points and crossings,
design of turn outs, stations and yards,
turntables, signals, and interlocking, levelcrossing.
Construction and maintenance
of permanent ways Superelevation,
creep of rail, ruling gradient, track resistance,
tractive effort, relaying of track.

**Highway Engineering ** Principles of
highway planning, Highway alignments.
Geometrical design Cross section, camber,
superelevation, horizontal and vertical
curves. Classification of roads low
cost roads, flexible pavements, rigid pavements.
Design of pavements and their
construction, evaluation of pavement failure
and strengthening.

**Drainage of roads ** Surface and sub-surface
drainage.
Traffic Engineering :Forecasting techniques,
origin and destination survey,
highway capacity. Channelised and
unchannelised intersections, rotary
design elements, markings, sign, signals,
street lighting; Traffic surveys. Principle of
highway financing.

**HYDROLOGY, WATER RESOURCES
AND ENGINEERING **
Hydrology Hydrological cycle, precipitation,
evaporation, transpiration, depression
storage, infiltration, overland flow,
hydrograph, flood frequency analysis,
flood estimation, flood routing through a
reservoir, channel flow routing-
Muskingam method.
Ground water flow Specific yield, storage
coefficient, coefficient of permeability,
confined and unconfined aquifers,
aquitards, radial flow into a well under
confined and unconfined conditions, tube
wells, pumping and recuperation tests,
ground water potential.

**WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING **
Ground and surface water resource, single
and multipurpose projects, storage
capacity of reservoirs, reservoir losses,
reservoir sedimentation, economics of
water resources projects.

**IRRIGATION ENGINEERING ** Water
requirements of crops consumptive
use, quality of water for irrigation, duty
and delta, irrigation methods and their
efficiencies.
Canals Distribution systems for canal
irrigation, canal capacity, canal losses,
alignment of main and distributory canals,
most efficient section, lined canals, their
design, regime theory, critical shear
stress, bed load, local and suspended
load transport, cost analysis of lined and
unlined canals, drainage behind lining.

**Water logging ** causes and control,
drainage system design, salinity.
Canal structures Design of cross regulators,
head regulators, canal falls, aqueducts,
metering flumes and canal outlets.
Diversion head work Principles and
design of weirs of permeable and impermeable
foundation, Khosla's theory,
energy dissipation, stilling basin, sediment
excluders.

**Storage works ** Types of dams, design,
principles of rigid gravity and earth dams,
stability analysis, foundation treatment,
joints and galleries, control of seepage.
Spillways Spillway types, crest gates,
energy dissipation.
River training Objectives of river training,
methods of river training.

**ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING**

**Water Supply ** Estimation of surface and
subsurface water resources, predicting
demand for water, impurities, of water and
their significance, physical, chemical and
bacteriological analysis, waterborne diseases,
standards for potable water.

**Intake of water ** pumping and gravity
schemes. Water treatment principles of
coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation;
slow-; rapid-, pressure-, filters; chlorination,
softening, removal of taste,
odour and salinity.

**Water storage and distribution ** storage
and balancing reservoirs types,
location and capacity. Distribution system
layout, hydraulics of pipe lines, pipe fittings,
valves including check and pressure
reducing valves, meters, analysis of
distribution systems, leak detection, maintenance
of distribution systems, pumping
stations and their operations.

**Sewage systems ** Domestic and industrial
wastes, storm sewage-separate and
combined systems, flow through sewers,
design of sewers, sewer appurtenances,
manholes, inlets, junctions, siphon.
Plumbing in public buildings.

**Sewage characterisation ** BOD, COD,
solids, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and
TOC. Standards of disposal in normal
water course and on land.

**Sewage treatment ** Working principles,
units, chambers, sedimentation tanks,
trickling filters, oxidation ponds, activated
sludge process, septic tank, disposal of
sludge, recycling of waste water.

**Solid waste ** collection and disposal in
rural and urban contexts, management of
long-term ill-effects.

**Environmental pollution ** Sustainable
development. Radioactive wastes and
disposal. Environmental impact assessment
for thermal power plants, mines,
river valley projects. Air pollution.
Pollution control acts.