The hurricanes start developing in the N Atlantic, off the coast of Africa
. As mentioned before, they come across the tropical zone in what is called "tropical waves" then develop into tropical depressions, tropical storms and eventually hurricanes. Sept/Oct being the worst months. However, Aug can be risky, July.....not so much.
You might want to consider hopping down the W coast of Africa
to Cape Verde
From there, you could drop down to 10N and motor
the 900 miles to Trinidad, staying below the tropical belt. From Trinidad, you could move to Panama more safely and have plenty of warning of impending storms.
IMHO, sailing direct from the Med to Panama without dropping below 10N would be extremely risky. No matter how good the forecast
and how much warning you have, it is impossible to maneuver out of the path of an on-coming tropical system. The biggest problem is knowing which way to run. If you head
south, it may turn south.