Originally Posted by CatNewBee
Apply for a permanet residency in one state or a long term visa.
Generally not available to cruisers. You hear some apocryphal stories of getting long term visas but they never seem to provide details. Of course, most long term visas usually require minimum income
and a residence you will live at. Technically, they only apply to the country of the visa and the 90 day rule
applies to the rest of the Schengen area.
Assuming you are using the Schengen 90 day visa limits, you can use the following to get out of the Schengen:
- Any of the North African Countries
There are a few gray area countries, like Croatia & Hungary where they are working toward full Schengen status, so for long term planning it's up in the air. (Brexit and Corona may change the path also)
Keep in mind, it's a running tally, so the days of hopping the boarder for a day and returning to a fresh clock are gone. It's 90 days out of the prior 180 days that you are allowed.
VAT rules (assuming your boat isn't VAT paid) are completely separate. For example, if you use the canal/river system to get to Switzerland, you can reset the VAT exemption on the boat by having the boat spend a day in Switzerland but it doesn't do anything for your visa since Switzerland participates in the Schengen Visa scheme but not in the EU VAT scheme.