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Old 16-04-2020, 13:41   #1
cruiser

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Posts: 84
Plausibility and past viruses that have escaped the lab

Historical facts only -- no politics.

Previous escapes of high consequence pathogens:


1972: Smallpox, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Laboratory assistant infected and survived. Two hospital visitors infected. Both died. One nurse infected and survived.
1977: H1N1 Swine Flu, Fort Dix, NJ. 13 hospitalizations. 1 death.
1978: Smallpox. Birmingham Medical School worker infected and died. She also infected her mother who survived. Cause: faulty ventilation.
2003: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). Six escapes from virology labs: one each in Singapore and Taiwan, and four separate escapes at the same laboratory in Beijing.
1979: Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg) Russia. Anthrax leak. Ensuing outbreak of the disease resulted in approximately 100 deaths, although the exact number of victims remains unknown.
2004: China reported SARS case of nurse who had cared for the "index" patient: a researcher at Chinese National Institute of Virology (NIV). Subsequent investigation uncovered three unrelated laboratory infections in different researchers at the NIV. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC403836/)
2007: Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). Used in vaccine manufacture at the Pirbright, UK, facility. Investigations concluded that construction vehicles had carried mud contaminated with FMD from a defective wastewater line at Pirbright.
2019: SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) (two known strains). Inconclusive. Source under investigation.

(This list is by no means complete. Feel free to add to it.)
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Old 17-04-2020, 13:41   #2
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Re: Plausibility and past viruses that have escaped the lab

Reference to the two outbreaks of smallpox resulting from laboratory accidents at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the University of Birmingham:
Two outbreaks of smallpox resulting from laboratory accidents at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the University of Birmingham
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK545998/
Report of the Committee of Inquiry into the smallpox outbreak in London in March and April 1973 - City of Westminster Libraries
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