When deciding which travel vaccines are required, each cruiser should obtain specific information relating to the countries you intend to visit.
Check with you personal physician, local public health
centre, and/or National health
Travelers may sometimes be informed (by travel companies and embassies) that "nothing is needed". Be warned, this could mean that no vaccination certificates are required for entry into that country. Immunization may however, still be recommended*.
* The CDC divides vaccines for travel into three categories: routine, recommended, and required.
I’d recommend that all
cruisers be vaccinated against Hepatitis A and B (combined), Polio & Tetanus (combined Diphtheria/Tetanus/Polio).
Travellers to tropical countries (as well as to many other regions) may want to be vaccinated against: yellow fever, hepatitis, typhoid fever, Japanese encephalitis, diphtheria and many others.
Vaccinations | CDC Travelers' Health
Southern and Western Pacific | Region | CDC Travelers' Health
Immunizations Recommended for Travel Outside of Canada - Travel
Medicine Program - Public Health Agency of Canada
Vaccinations, Inoculations, Immunizations, Travel Health - French Polynesia / Tahiti - Treehouse Cityguide
Some recommended Vaccinations
The following vaccines may be recommended for your travel to Australia
and the South Pacific
. Discuss your travel plans, and personal health, with a health-care provider to determine which vaccines you will need.
* Hepatitis A or immune globulin (IG)
. (except for Australia
and New Zealand). Transmission
of hepatitis A virus can occur through direct person-to-person contact; through exposure to contaminated water
, ice, or shellfish harvested in contaminated water
; or from fruits, vegetables, or other foods that are eaten uncooked and that were contaminated during harvesting or subsequent handling.
* Hepatitis B
, especially if you might be exposed to blood or body fluids (for example, health-care workers), have sexual contact with the local population, or be exposed through medical
treatment. Hepatitis B vaccine is now recommended for all infants and for children
ages 11–12 years who did not receive the series as infants.
* Japanese encephalitis
, Papua New Guinea
or the Islands of Torres Strait in Australia. Local transmission
documented but rare.
, if you might have extensive unprotected outdoor exposure in rural areas, such as might occur during camping, hiking, or bicycling, or engaging in certain occupational activities.
, (except for Australia and New Zealand), particularly if you are visiting developing countries in this region. Typhoid fever can be contracted through contaminated drinking water
, or by eating food
or drinking beverages that have been handled by a person who is infected. Large outbreaks are most often related to fecal contamination of water supplies or foods sold
by street vendors
* As needed, booster doses for tetanus-diphtheria and measles