I am guessing from the question you have little sailing experience? If I am wrong I apologize and please correct me. For now I will answer based on that assumption.
First, the answer is not a simple go to there to there to there et voile that is the fastest route. Will depend on a LOT of factors: captain
, crew, boat, draft
, time frame, time of year, weather
To get the shortest route get a chart, draw a line from Miami
to the Caicos, move the line to avoid islands and shallows. Then follow that line. However in sailing the shortest (or fastest) between to points is not always the straightest line. Are you aware that the Bahamas
to the Caicos you are sailing in the NE trade
winds? That mean that 90% of the time the winds are more or less from the east. Could be NE, E, SE but more or less east. That means that to the Caicos you have about 600 miles to sail dead against the wind
. How well does your boat sail to windward? How well does it motor
and how much fuel
do you carry?
A very big question, are you in a giant hurry and plan to sail non-stop or work
your way through the islands. If the former, head
through the NW the NE Providence Channels, out to sea then turn right. You will need a solid boat and a solid crew to do this. If the later then you need to know how to navigate the banks and reefs
of the Bahamas
and allow a few weeks or even a month or more, depending on the weather
Speaking of weather, In the winter you will get weather fronts aka cold fronts or northers that will change the wind
patterns and bring winds from the opposite direction. However those winds can be 20-30 kts or more and especially in the Gulf Stream
can generate large, breaking waves so trying to benefit from a favorable N wind that comes with these fronts can be risky.
Maybe a little more information from you would help?