There's a lot of evidence of women with active roles aboard in the golden days of sail, whether known to be women or 'passing' as men. In the first category, there were the wives of the crew (particularly standing officers) in fighting ships (US and UK, but not French or Spanish), the wives and daughters of whalers and other long haulers (of whom Mary Patten, the woman Perchance refers to was one), and of course many working girls, particularly on UK ships which would be anchored off with pressed men not allowed shore leave.
In several fighting ships there is also evidence of women who dressed as men and were believed to be men, not least Hannah Snell, a UK marine
who fought at Pondicherry and Mary Lacey who was a ships carpenter
for many years. This was most common in the UK ships I believe, and very uncommon in the European navies. I'm not sure about the US.
And some women passed in other circumstances, most notably Jeanne Baret who was the lover of Commerson, Bougainville's naturalist. She went disguised as his valet, and (although there were suspicions) was not unmasked until Tahiti
where the local people spotted her immediately. Bougainville forced her ashore at Madagascar
and Commerson stayed with her. After his death, she returned to France
and is the first white woman documented to sail round the world
Outside Europe/America there are many more, eg the documented women navigators of Polynesia, who were integral to the astonishing feats that enabled the settlement of the Pacific, and pirates such as the Chinese leader whose name I forget right now. (There were also Atlantic women pirates, notably Anne Bonny, Mary Read and Grainne O'Malley.) Women were also, regrettably trade
goods, as well not only on the Middle Passage
but also on the Chinese treasure junks of Zheng He (15th century) who carried slave concubines.
So - we come in all shapes and sizes, have long been combatants and have lots of proud history