I think there are three issues with the J24. The cockpit
lockers are the biggest problem. If they open in a broach the boat sinks real quick. Even closed they aren't always watertight, so if the boats pinned down they will leak a lot of water into the hull
The fwd hatch
is also often left undogged. If the boat nosedives while running fast she can scoop enough water through the hatch
to sink pretty quick.
I suspect a lot of the actual capsizes are due to the fact that with a full crew you have about the same weight of crew as ballast in the keel
. So the already marginal static stability (due to most of a the ballast being quite high on the iron keel) is considerably reduced due to 5 heavy people perched on the rail. The real AVS in this case is probably well under 90? With just 2 aboard they might do better, and be less prone to a complete inversion provided all the hatches are shut.
But the power to carry any sail is pretty low with just two. I have raced with my brother two up in gusts to about 20kn. At that point we are pretty much going sideways when on the wind. Even with the main bladed right out and the snaller jib eased to try and keep her on her feet. Because its gusty we still made progress in the lulls, and just hung on in the gusts. Of course jib car is well aft, both cunninhams on real hard, outhaul
bar tight and backstay cranked right on. Ideally traveler to windward, sheet eased and only a little kicker
so the top of the main isnt powered up.
You need to weather
sheet the jib so you can play it from the rail, easing it in the puffs and sheeting in in the lulls. Crew tails. Helm
is real busy, with main, backstay traveller and jib winch
all neading to be played in gusty stuff.
With two up you dont want the genoa
in anything over 10 knots, and for cruising I wouldn't even bother with it. Get an old main and fit at least one deep reef and a couple of fulll length battens. Same with an old jib, either a deep reef point, or cut it down to a storm jib
size. A full length batten at the top would be nice as well, so it could be feathered without the top flogging itself to death. Not class legal
, but you are cruising! I would also set up a simple lazyjack system using the pole topper. This would act as a topping lift
foe the boom, so at least the whole thing doesn't land in the drink when you drop the halyard!
Raced one three up with gusts to 25. Again nearly stopped in the puffs to windward, but fun downwind with the kite. Definately away planing (not just surfing) when we got a decent puff with the kite up. Good control while planing.
If it got real bad two up I would drop the jib first, lash it down, then ease the main right out, lash the tiller to leeward, then both people can work at dropping the main. Maybe remove the whole boom and sail and stuff them below?
You could set up the spinaker halyard
as a backstay aft. Id lie a hull
, but if needed the jib could go up with the spinnaker halyard
helping to stop the forestay getting too slack. You could even wrap the main halyard around the mast
a few times until it reaches the hounds and lead it aft as another backstay.
If you are sailing with just the main in real snotty stuff it can be an idea to set up the pole topper as a babystay to reduce the chance of the mast
inverting. Especially if you have reefed the main. Lots of backstay should stop this happening, but no harm in extra rig security