I rather doubt it. If you look at an ASA log book you will see that each certification
has a "knowledge" requirement and a "skills" requirement.
To receive an ASA certification
sticker at any level you have to pass a written test for the "knowledge" requirement as well as have an ASA instructor sign off on all the skills listed in "skills" requirement.
You may have the knowledge to pass the written test without ever getting on a boat but it seems unlikely an instructor would sign off on the skills required without seeing them performed.
I guess it's possible if you have a long sailing resume and an instructor who is confident of your skills but other than that I would say it's about as likely as finding a DMV that would give a 16 year old a driver's license
without requiring them to take a driving test.