Well, first of all, HOWDY KID!
You need to go sailing with someone to get some idea what you're doing.
A 22' boat is definately on the small side - not to say it cant be done - I've done it but you're going to be better off with a 30'er as far as livability goes and you can handle it once you know what you're doing.
Dont get in a hurry and buy the 1st thing that comes your way - take your time and do it right the 1st time. Once you get THE boat, you'll be stuck with it for a long time. Dont buy some old junker unless you are good at fixing things up and have a good income
multi hulls are faster than mono hulls but they are a whole different breed of cat. They are harder to sail to weather
, harder to dock
, cost more to maintain, harder to find dock
space and cost more to purchase
in the 1st place.
I would sail on both types, get some experience under your belt and then make your decision based on what you find out for yourself instead of what someone else talks you into.
You need a passport and vessel documents and plenty of money
to bail yourself out of any trouble you might get into before even thinking about going to any other country.
There are alot of good old boats out there that will do the trick for not alot of money
. I suggest something like an old Islander from the 60's. They're tough, sail well, tried & true and cheap
. Dont buy an old woodie unless you are a damn good wood worker. Dont buy steel
unless you're a good metal worker. Fiberglass
is fairly easy to repair even with limited skills but dont buy one thats covered with blisters
cement is good if its built right but how can you tell for sure? They are cheap
but there is a reason for that. Keep it simple. A cutter
rigged yawl is my choice for best over all configuration. I have owned or sailed on them all at one time or another.
Everything is a compromise. Safety
and comfort are more important that speed yet you dont want to get an old dog that will only go 3 or 4 knts. The engine
doesnt really matter as long as it runs good and you can depend on it. You can and will replace it eventually anyway if you keep the boat long enough.
You need a radio of some kind. Most of us have vhf
& cb at least. You need gps
or a sextant
and you have to know how to use it. You should have an epirb
. You should have a raft or at least a good inflatable
in case your boat sinks. You need to read as many books
on the subject of cruising and sailing as you can. My advice to you is go sailing as a crew member
or get a job on a fishing
boat before you do anything if you havent already done that. Other than that, have fun and good luck on your adventure because thats what it is - AN ADVENTURE!!