You have me at a disadvantage, as I have no charts - hence my restriction to ‘generalities’.
Jimmy Cornell has written about a half dozen books
, but I presume (?) that you’re referring to (wife is reading) “World Cruising Routes”
. If so, have her jump to:
AN140 - Atlantic Routes from North America - and report his recommended routing to us.
Departing the Gulf of St. Lawrence, southbound to Florida, I suspect
Cornell might advise a 750 nm Nova Scotia
Leg, then about 900 nm Bermuda
to Florida (it’s been over 10 years since I’ve seen the book). He might direct you to stay inshore of the Gulf Stream from N.S. to NYC
, then out to (or towards) Bermuda.
In any case, your route is likely to take you out towards Bermuda
- so let’s discuss Bermuda a little.
See the “Sailing Instructions - Bermuda”: http://www.bermuda.com/yachts/
Excerpted information from the Sailing Instructions:
Crossing from New York City to Bermuda
involves over 650 nasty nautical miles, which includes crossing the gulf stream. Any gulf stream crossing should not be taken lightly, as the gulf stream creates its own weather systems. Counter winds and currents can lead to confused seas with steep breaking waves and bad storm conditions. On the other hand, If anyone has any thoughts or aspirations of doing serious ocean crossings, this is certainly a good start for a first leap off shore. The crossing usually takes from six to eight days, and can have wide ranging weather conditions.
Bermuda lies 667 nautical miles to the southeast of New York
, in the Atlantic Ocean
at 32º 23’ North latitude and 64º 38’ West longitude. The Island is some 640 nautical miles from Norfolk, Virginia, and 687 nautical miles from Boston.
Bermuda is not in a Trade Wind
zone. The general North-Easterly flow of weather systems over the Eastern Seaboard of the United States continues over Bermuda. During the summer months, however, a high-pressure cell located between the Azores
and Bermuda becomes the predominant meteorological factor affecting Bermuda weather. The so-called Bermuda-Azores High usually produces wind
speeds averaging 15 knots. Although the centre of the system is near the Azores
, the highest average pressures are recorded near Bermuda. Another big influence on Bermuda’s weather is the Gulf Stream. Its northward flow between the United States and Bermuda warms the island’s waters and stabilizes the climate. Temperatures vary little more than 20 Degrees F throughout the year, dropping to an average of 62 Deg. F in February, the coolest month, and rising to an average of 82 Deg. F in August.
The hurricane season is defined as occurring between June 1st and November 30th. The normal pattern is for a hurricane to move west until it reaches the Caribbean
or the Southeast coast of the United States, before changing course to the north, then the northeast, roughly following the direction of the Gulf Stream. Most hurricanes, therefore, bypass Bermuda to the west between Bermuda & The US Atlantic Seaboard). The period of greatest frequency for these dangerous, and highly unpredictable storms, is between August 15th and October 15th - an average of 40% of the hurricanes passing Bermuda are recorded in September. The passage of hurricanes directly over Bermuda is rare.
An old Hurricane Saying:
June too soon - July standby - August a must - September remember - October all over !!
The Bermuda Weather Service
has a home page on the Internet
, including Marine Forecast
APPROACHES to BERMUDA:
When approaching Bermuda from the North, it must be remembered that reefs
extend up to 10 miles from the island in this direction - consequently it is advisable to keep well to the East and approach St. David’s Head
on a course of 226 degrees true. When approaching from the South, St. David’s Head
should be safely passed at a distance of one mile or greater, and kept at a bearing of 225 degrees true until St. Catherine’s Point bears 290 degrees true.
In poor visibility, or when a vessel is having navigation
difficulties or problems manoeuvring, the safest direction to approach the island from is the Southeast. It should also be remembered that the 100-fathom line is only 1 to 1.5 miles from shore.
During their approach, vessels should maintain radio
contact with Bermuda Harbour Radio
, whose staff will normally be able to assist if necessary. Bermuda Harbour Radio maintains a continuous watch (routine comm’s) on 2182 kHz and 4125kHz:
If in doubt about approaching Bermuda at night and entering harbour, vessels are advised to lie offshore until daybreak, or anchor
in Five Fathom Hole.
To calculate your minimum requirements of consumable stores, estimate the number of days required to make a normal passage, double it, and thrown in a few extra days for good measure. It is reasonable, for example, for a 50 - 60 foot yacht to take about 5 - 7 days to get from New York
to Bermuda. In that case, stores and water
should be taken aboard for a 14- 16 day journey.