For international travel, countries generally require that you have exit paperwork from the last country you visited, and that you enter at designated ports
of entry. Sometimes you are also required to notify the destination
country a specified amount of time before you arrive. Passport and visa requirements, customs
and immigration procedures and fees
, health/insect/sanitary inspections, posting
of bonds, cruising permit
conditions, etc., can vary greatly depending upon the flag of the boat, citizenship status of crew, whether the boat is strictly a yacht or engaged in trade
, etc. Port officials will often designate mooring
areas or customs wharves for use by arriving vessels. Generally, only the skipper
should go ashore, and brings crew passports and copies of boat paperwork when checking in with customs and immigration. Friendly neighboring countries, such as the USA and Canada
, may have special arrangements and optional programs to make frequent back-and-forth trips easier; participants in such programs may find check in to often be as simple as a phone
, weapons, products made from endangered species, excess quantities of dutiable items, narcotics (including legal
medicines without prescriptions) and agricultural products considered hazardous to a country's farmers are complicating factors.
EACH of these topics has probably had multiple discussion threads and could be the subject of entire articles -- and even something as simple as a fishing
pole can have implications you have to plan for when cruising abroad.