Originally Posted by fender59
Thanks for all your help seems, to be a conflict of information between Syserenity and Hellosailor . The point is that my residence while in America will be on the boat. Hope that clarify s the situation.
Thanks for everyone's help up to this point.
It is sometimes easier to divide/separate the situation of purchasing
a vessel that is located in a different country from the country where you are a citizen - into two parts
- 1. the boat, 2. you.
Part 1. was covered in many posts above and basically for a non-citizen/LPR ("green card holder") of the USA you cannot use US Coast Guard documentation
so you will have to transfer the documentation/registration of the boat to either a State of the USA that permits non-citizen ownership
, or document/register the boat in your home country or another country (e.g., The British Virgin Islands
or Cayman Islands
When you add in the desire to reduce or eliminate any State Sales Taxes
on the purchase
and want to keep the boat in the USA you need to find a State that both allows non-citizen boat Registration
and doesn't have a Sales Tax.
As mentioned by others, documenting/registering the vessel outside the USA will eliminate the State Sales Tax but then introduces the need for a USCG Cruising Permit
and puts time limits on how long the vessel can remain in USA waters and also introduces "notification" requirements when you move the boat from one place to another.
With the boat Registered in a State of the USA, the boat can remain inside the USA indefinitely and can be used in any State waters with the limitation being how long the boat has been "continuously" within the boundaries of one particular State.
As mentioned, normally, 90 days is the legal
limit the boat can continuously remain in any one State's "waters" before State Tax considerations arise. An often overlooked aspect is that the State Tax considerations apply to the boat actually being "in the water
." Removing the boat from the water
- that is, putting it in storage
in a boatyard will normally "Stop the Clock" for State Tax considerations. This comes in handy when you need to return to your home country while leaving the boat inside the USA.
Part 2. is - how did you enter the USA? Fly in on a scheduled airline and use the Visa Waiver Program to get your 90 day "tourist visa" - or - enter the USA using a "B1/B2" Visa.
Under the US Visa Waiver Program (VWP) your cannot take the boat outside US waters and then re-enter the USA with the boat. You and the boat need to remain inside USA waters at all times. Specifically, you can take the boat "out of" the USA waters, but you cannot come back in again.
To be able to leave US waters and re-enter with the boat you need to use a US "B1/B2" visa for your initial entry and all subsequent entries while on the boat.