On another thread, Astrid suggested some alternatives to teak
Originally Posted by Astrid
If you want to replace your teak
with wood rather than man made, there are alternatives to teak that are sometimes less expensive and pretty much as good. These include ipe, iroko, jarrah, greenheart, and hinoki cypress. True teak, because of its demand and over harvesting is now extremely expensive, but shop around for the alternatives.
Thank you Astrid.
Being a woodworker, that really got me thinking. So I looked through The Wood Handbook
and found the following woods and would like to open a discussion about their uses in marine
applications. I know many will be eliminated quickly but I won't make that decision. If its uses included boats or marine
applications, it made the cut.
This is the list of woods from the Wood Handbook and their applications in boats and/or a marine environment
. I'll start with North American woods.
Black locust is used for round, hewn, or split mine timbers as well as fence posts, poles, railroad crossties, stakes, and fuel
. Other uses are for rough construction and crating. Historically, black locust was important for the manufacture of insulator pins and wooden pegs used in the construction of ships, for which the wood was well adapted because of its strength, decay resistance, and moderate shrinkage and swelling.
White oaks are usually cut into lumber
, railroad crossties, cooperage, mine timbers, fence posts, veneer, fuelwood, and many other products. High-quality white oak is especially sought for tight cooperage. An important use of white oak is for planking and bent parts
of ships and boats; heartwood is often specified because of its decay resistance. White oak is also used for furniture, flooring
, pallets, agricultural implements, railroad cars, truck floors, furniture, doors, and millwork.
The wood is moderately heavy, moderately hard, moderately weak in bending and endwise compression
, quite high in shock resistance, and resistant to decay. Sassafras was highly prized by the native Americans for
dugout canoes, and some sassafras lumber
is still used for small boats. Locally, sassafras is used for fence posts and rails and for general millwork.
Some high-grade Port-Orford-cedar was once used in the manufacture of storage battery
separators, matchsticks, and specialty millwork. Today, other uses are archery supplies, sash and door construction, flooring
woodwork, furniture, and boats.
Western redcedar is used principally for shingles, lumber, poles, posts, and piles. The lumber is used for exterior siding, decking, interior
woodwork, ship and boat building, boxes and crates, sashes, and doors.
The wood is lightweight, rather soft, and low in strength and shock resistance. It shrinks little in drying. It is easily worked and holds paint
well, and the heartwood is highly resistant to decay. Because of its high durability it is used for poles, posts, cabin logs
, railroad crossties, lumber, shingles, decorative fencing, boats, and water tanks
The heartwood of Northern white-cedar is light brown, and the sapwood is nearly white and is usually narrow. The wood is lightweight, rather soft, low in strength and shock resistance, and with low shrinkage upon drying. It is easily worked and the heartwood is very decay resistant. Northern white-cedar is used for poles and posts, outdoor furniture, shingles, cabin logs
, lumber, water tanks
, boats and for wooden ware.
Afrormosia is often used for the same purposes as teak, such as boat construction, joinery, flooring, furniture, interior woodwork, and decorative veneer.
The strength and durability of angelique make it especially suitable for heavy construction, harbor installations, bridges, heavy planking for pier and platform decking, and railroad bridge ties. The wood is also suitable for ship decking, planking, boat frames, industrial flooring, and parquet blocks and strips.
Greenheart is used principally where strength and resistance to wear are required. Uses include ship and dock
building, lock gates, wharves, piers, jetties, vats, piling, planking, industrial flooring, bridges, and some specialty items.
Because of its color and durability, iroko has been suggested as a substitute for teak (Tectona grandis). Its durability makes it suitable for boat building, piles, other marine work, and railroad crossties. Other uses include joinery, flooring, furniture, veneer, and cabinetwork.
Uses of kaneelhart include furniture, turnery, boat building, heavy construction, and parquet flooring.
Principal uses for African mahogany include furniture and cabinetwork, interior woodwork, boat construction, and veneer.
The principal uses for mahogany are fine furniture and cabinets, interior woodwork, pattern woodwork, boat construction, fancy veneers, musical instruments, precision instruments, paneling, turnery, carving, and many other uses that call for an attractive and dimensionally stable wood.
Manbarklak is an ideal wood for marine and other heavy construction uses. It is also used for industrial flooring, mill equipment
, railroad crossties, piles, and turnery.
Utilization of the tropical oaks is very limited at present because of difficulties encountered in the drying of the wood. The major volume is used in the form of charcoal, but the wood is used for flooring, railroad crossties, mine timbers, tight cooperage, boat and ship construction, and decorative
Opepe is a general construction wood that is used in dock
and marine work, boat building, railroad crossties, flooring, and furniture.
Peroba de Campos
, peroba de campos is used in the manufacture of fine furniture, flooring, and decorative paneling. The principal use in the United States is shipbuilding, where peroba de campos serves as substitute for white oak (Quercus alba) for all purposes except bent members.
The unusual and unique color of purpleheart makes this wood desirable for turnery, marquetry, cabinets, fine furniture, parquet flooring, and many specialty items, such as billiard cue butts and carvings. Other uses include heavy construction, shipbuilding, and chemical vats.
Roble is used extensively for furniture, interior woodwork, doors, flooring, boat building, ax handles, and general construction. The wood veneers well and produces attractive paneling.
Sucupira (Angelin, Para-Angelim)
Sucupira, angelin, and para-angelim are ideal for heavy construction, railroad crossties, and other uses that do not require much fabrication. Other suggested uses include flooring, boat building, furniture, turnery, tool handles, and decorative veneer.
And then there's Teak
Teak is one of the most valuable woods, but its use is limited by scarcity and high cost. Because teak does not cause rust or corrosion
when in contact with metal, it is extremely useful in the shipbuilding industry, for tanks and vats, and for fixtures that require high acid resistance. Teak is currently used in the construction of boats, furniture, flooring, decorative objects, and decorative veneer.