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Old 10-07-2011, 17:13   #1
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Question Volvo 2030 Overheating

I saw white smoke from the exhaust, checked impeller, heat exchanger fluid, intake strainer then jumped in the water and checker the intake on the sail drive.

What else to check?
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Old 10-07-2011, 17:36   #2
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Re: Volvo 2030 overheating

Exhaust elbow.
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Old 10-07-2011, 17:49   #3
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Re: Volvo 2030 overheating

Can you please elaborate?
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Old 10-07-2011, 18:40   #4
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Re: Volvo 2030 overheating

Exhaust mixing elbow, where the water cools the exhaust before it goes into the rubber hose. Take it off and check to make sure it isn't all clogged up.

Have you checked the heat exchanger to make sure it isn't clogged up with bits and pieces of old impellers? If not, then I would recommend you take it apart and clean it. Impeller bits can also clog up the exhaust mixing elbow.
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Old 10-07-2011, 18:51   #5
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Re: Volvo 2030 overheating

Jimbo, check that impeller housing is cool - it should be. If not water not moving. We had a service last Fri (2040) and had 3 impeller fins sitting in the top of the cooling system!! Cheers
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Old 10-07-2011, 19:40   #6
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Re: Volvo 2030 overheating

OK, I'll get working on those parts.

Thanks
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Old 11-07-2011, 10:29   #7
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Re: Volvo 2030 Overheating

Had the same problem with a 2040. Do check the exhaust elbow and heat exchanger as noted. Also, if there is a vented loop after the pump...I had impeller vanes in there. My problem turned out to be restricted flow on the input side from the line to the condenser for the engine driven refrigeration.

Good luck.
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Old 11-07-2011, 16:52   #8
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Re: Volvo 2030 Overheating

Have you made any progress on this yet? Please keep us informed of your progress. Thanks.
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Old 11-07-2011, 18:13   #9
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Re: Volvo 2030 Overheating

G'day all,
WHITE SMOKE, cooling system issues ??????????
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Old 14-07-2011, 19:09   #10
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Thumbs up Re: Volvo 2030 Overheating

Ok had some time to today to take a better look.

From the raw water impeller pump to a vented loop (which was clear/clean) then the water goes into the heat exchanger.

It is a stepped boot design one side clamping to the antifreeze cooling system the other step the raw water exchanger itself.

The far end to the rear goes to the exhaust elbow and out.

I removed that first boot and antifreeze and raw water came out along with a bunch of junk including about 5-6 broken impeller fins.

Other than that it was like new.

I loosen the other end and pulled the heat exchanger tube out to rinse it out and look through the small pipes.

It was about 18" long and 2" in diameter consisting of maybe a dozen 1/4" tubes which the raw water passes thru and cools the antifreeze.

The motor only has 300 hours everything else in the system looked great.

Added about a quart of distilled water to top up the antifreeze ran it for 30 minutes alls well I can run my hand on the pipes including the exhaust elbow itself.

No more smoke

Thanks for all the help.

By the way I said this is Volvo 2030 D, but it says on the block it was built by Perkins 2005 in the UK. Any info on that? Why is Volvo using Perkins?

There is a high temp warning lite and auto shutdown on the engine, no water temp gauge, no block drain petcock to neatly change the antifreeze.

Last question is the antifreeze anything special in these engines?


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Old 14-07-2011, 19:24   #11
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Re: Volvo 2030 Overheating

Volvo uses a lot of different blocks, many from Perkins.
Glad you found the problem. Broken impeller bits are a big cause of grief.
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Old 14-07-2011, 19:58   #12
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Re: Volvo 2030 Overheating

I'm glad too.

That issue started me hunting on Google.

engine is what Perkins calls a 103-10. Perkins started importing these 100 series engines from a Japanese company called Ishikawajima Shibaura Machinery, Ltd. nearly twenty years ago. ISM is part of Ishikawajima Harima Industries, one of Japan’s largest industrial companies. Perkins marketed this engine in a marinized version as the Perama M30. They sold the engine to Volvo Penta who marketed it as their MD2030. They also sold the engine to Massey Ferguson, McCormick, Terramite, Textron, Jacobsen, Cushman, Vermeer, Leech Lewis, JCB, Kobelco, and Northern Lights to name just a few. In the US, the engine was distributed thru Detroit Diesel – Allison which is closely tied to the MTU conglomerate. By 1996, Perkins had become so successful at marketing these engines to other equipment manufacturers that they formed a joint venture with ISM called Perkins Shibaura Engines, Ltd. and began assembling the engines at the Perkins facility in Peterborough, UK from parts shipped from Japan. In 1997, Perkins was acquired by Caterpillar. With an added boost from Caterpillar, this little engine has become one of the most popular engines in the world. It’s used in turf equipment, tractors, mini-excavators, brush choppers, compressors, welders, pumps, generators, etc. etc. etc. Even Caterpillar uses it in some of their smaller equipment. The “Perkins” name was highlighted on the engine ID plate which is located on a distinctive boss just forward of the injection pump. The 2006 model year’s production of the engine has “Shibaura” highlighted on the ID plate. In 2001, the larger Shibaura 400 series engine was introduced with assembling at Peterborough, UK from parts mostly from Japan, and in June, 2004 assembling of the 400 series engine began at a Caterpillar facility in Griffin, Georgia, USA with production exceeding 100,000 units per year.

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Old 14-07-2011, 20:07   #13
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Re: Volvo 2030 Overheating

Ah yes, global trade. Interesting information, thanks.
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Old 14-07-2011, 22:56   #14
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Re: Volvo 2030 Overheating

I hope they were better than that %$# 2003 they had! The one I had was about as reliable as a Yugo!
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Old 15-07-2011, 00:38   #15
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Re: Volvo 2030 Overheating

Given you have found the likely cause of your problem a restricted raw water flow i hope it was steam being observed not white smoke.You should find a coolant drain plug aft end of block fuel pump side.There are quite a few m30s within the local fishing fleet with 10,000+ hrs on them without a major rebuilt or issues.We use Castrol type a or b coolant premix with great success, always find clean passages at pull down & no water pump seal worries.
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