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Old 21-12-2015, 07:13   #1
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How much oil for "wet" compression test in Yanmar?

Hello everyone

It is time to do a compression test on this Yanmar 3YM30 and I do not have my brother (mechanic) around to squirt the oil in. How much oil should I use for the wet test? Or should I use WD40 as some say?

Charlie
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Old 21-12-2015, 07:26   #2
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Re: How much oil for "wet" compression test in Yanmar?

To perform a diesel compression test, use the following procedures:

Remove all injectors or glow plugs. Refer to the manufacturer’s manual for instructions.
Install the compression gauge in the recommended opening. A heat shield must be used to seal the gauge when it is installed in place of the injector.
Disconnect the fuel shut-off solenoid to disable the fuel injection pump.
Crank the engine and note the highest reading on the gauge.

NOTE
Some manufacturers warn against performing a wet compression test on diesel engines. If too much oil is squirted into the cylinder, hydraulic lock and part damage may result, because oil does not compress in the small cylinder volume.

A wet compression test should be used when cylinder pressure reads below the manufacturer's specifications. It helps you to determine what engine parts are causing the problem. Pour approximately 1 tablespoon of 30-weight motor oil into the cylinder through the injector opening, then retest the compression pressure.

If the compression reading goes up with oil in the cylinder, the piston rings and cylinders may be worn and leaking pressure. The oil will temporarily coat and seal bad compression rings to increase pressure; however, if the compression reading stays about the same, then engine valves or head gaskets may be leaking. The engine oil seals the rings, but does not seal a burned valve or a blown head gasket. In this way, a wet compression test helps diagnose low-compression problems.

Do not put too much oil into the cylinder during a wet compression test or a false reading may result. With excessive oil in the cylinder, compression readings go up even if the compression rings and cylinders are in good condition.
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Old 21-12-2015, 07:31   #3
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Re: How much oil for "wet" compression test in Yanmar?

I go for about a tablespoon.... Use one of these and try and hit the wall in a few places... Squirt 'em all then turn the engine over 20x... Do a test squirt and see how much say 5-10 pumps gives you...

I've never used WD40

http://www.amazon.com/Goldenrod-Pump...YJSW92N8CQZZ1F
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Old 21-12-2015, 07:33   #4
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Re: How much oil for "wet" compression test in Yanmar?

And Gordo beats me again... Handily with better detailed info!
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