Ideal fin keel
length: Can't really say. Depends on where you want to go. Typical blue water
oriented cruisers don't usually have a very long keel
, partly for safety/strength reasons.
and chain: Also galvanized is good.
In mast furling
: There are two camps with two opinions. New large cruisers quite often have one. The good part is ability to single
hand from the cockpit
. They may not give you top racing
level speed, but my experience is that thy are quite efficient because they are quickly on and off when needed.
For two people: I think it would make sense to have a boat that can be single
handed (preferably from the cockpit) since the other person may often be sleeping or doing something else.
: Large tanks
are good. Water maker is excellent if it fits nicely in your budget
. I let more experienced ocean goers answer on how large the tanks
should be and if they like to use also extra canisters (for redundancy and for adding capacity when needed).
: Someone has said that they are good value for racing
, but that any sails
are good enough for in mast furling
and basic cruising. (I got north sails as part of the deal but I would be ok with others too.)
Water tight bulkheads: My guess is that rudder
problems (hitting a rock or a whale) are the most common problem that causes serious leaks
. Having a rudder
with skeg might make sense. Seacocks are another potential source of problems, but you can fix them yourself if needed. Blue water oriented cruisers have a strong hull
that will not break. Water tight bulkheads might provide some extra safety
on top of these (offshore, not for liveaboard). I don't remember any accidents where they would have saved the boat but maybe others do. Maybe they could have isolated a rudder leak.
: I like food
and good dining, so I would invest on these. They will use electricity, so you have to have corresponding plans for that.
: Avoid that. Buy a boat that is guaranteed not to have this kind of structural problems. Hire a good surveyor
when you buy the boat.
Heads: Two heads would be good enough for me (+ ability to take a shower
somewhere). I would consider also modern composting heads (no through hulls if you wanted to avoid that kind of problems / risks).
: Yes, it's a valuable safety
feature in long passages (has also alerts). Maybe radar