Originally Posted by OriginalKiwi
just out of curiosity - what would rough time be to sail from Bulgaria to NZ?? We would go via cape of good hope, to avoid pirates in Suez canal. Too many close calls, scares, and kidnappings to risk it!
A Vendee Globe sailor would do it in 40 days, most people in over a year, anything in between is possible. Hoe long is a piece of string?
Why do you plan to go around
I would, if I were you, take a serious amount of time to do research
. Crossing over to another country is nothing compared to crossing an ocean. You need to rig your boat for serious weather
and long passages. We are outfitting our boat for crossing the Bay of Biscay from the UK (600nm), and we have some serious kit. But for crossing the ocean we would still add more stuff, such as a watermaker
and additional tankage.
guidelines give a very good indication of what you should think about, and I find www.morganscloud.com
an invaluable resource.
Don't underestimate ocean crossings. What I consider absolutely necessary (bare minimum):
1. New rigging
or x-rayed old rigging
to ensure there are no weak points
with backup. Best is to also have a windvane
6. Reliable electronic navigation equipment
+ paper charts
+ at least 100 liters of water tankage for each person on board. If no watermaker, increase your tankage.
9. Power sources to cover 150ah a day (depending on what equipment
you use during the voyage). Have several sources so that if something fails you can still charge. Proper battery
for 110/220V onboard.
10. Separate battery
for starter motor
. Additional spare battery not connected but charged.
11. Good quality sails
. Back-up genoa
and main. Downwind solution, if spinnaker
also a back-up. Strong wind
solution (we are installing a removeable forestay), for up to 9 BF. Gale/hurricane solution (minimum of 3 reefs
in main, storm jib). Slab reefing in main and fully battened if at all possible.
for at least 30 days of food
and water (if planning a crossing of an expected 20 days)
13. Handheld GPS
. Hand compass
. Handheld VHF
. Two pairs of binoculars.
14. Rig cutting equipment appropriate for your rig.
tiller. Know how to use it.
16. Spare rudder
, keel inspection
on-shore and confirmation of no weaknesses. No play in main rudder.
18. Clipping points and jack stays on deck
. Need to be able to cope with high loads. Ensure short jackstays close to centre of the boat to prevent falling over leeside.
needs to have a recent revision and be in excellent condition.
20. Spare alternator
, belts, impellers, filters, oil
21. Proper toolset for repairs
. Quality pocket knifes for all crew to carry at all times
kit - PROPERLY kitted out for emergencies. Talk to a doctor before stocking.
23. Global insurance
coverage for boat and medical
24. All paperwork in order concerning the purchase
of the boat
25. Excellent footwear
26. 275N lifejackets and harnesses
27. 3-point lifelines
so you can switch clipping points without being unattached
28. Excellent clothing
for the worst and best of weather
29. Solution for weather forecasts offshore
, grib files over sat phone
30. Course in weather interpretation, and whatever you need to properly use the boat and its equipment (such as radar
, and first aid. Best to also do an offshore
31. Spare VHF antenna
32. Wooden bungs, epoxy
to deal with a hole in the hull
33. Electrical bilge pump
34. Two hand bilge
pumps, one operable from the cockpit
35. Spare hand bilge pump
36. Spare large capacity electrical bilge
pump with hoses and 10m electrical wires to hook up to a battery, ready to go in an emergency
37. Life buoys, slings, danbuoy, with lights, reflective tape, and whistle
38. Solution to go to the top of the mast
at sea, needs to be safe (bosun chair on winch
has large risk of falling to deck
or next to the boat)
39. Spare lines and halyards
40. Quality winches - have them serviced
41. At least two heavy anchors and a kedge anchor
, plus spare chain. Check main chain before setting off.
clock to ensure you keep awake during the night watch
43. Skills to sail the boat completely SOLO for at LEAST two people on board.
of hatch seals
and companion way using a high pressure hose
45. Three fire extinguishers, fire blankets
46. Proper installation
of gas fittings (not to Blugarian standard)
47. Gas cooker secured also when boat inverts.
48. Properly kitted out grab bag
49. Red flares, orange smoke, white flares
50. Set of marine flags
, especially the Q flag for notifying customs
As for Bulgaria, I found it a friendly country.