A place for the traditionalists (and misers) to muse about how to set up and get the best out of the the sailing rigs of our forebears.
Standing lugs, balanced lugs, dipping lugs, lateens, chinese lugs, spritsails, crab claw
rigs, gunter rigs, gaff rigs, square rigs etc. All with their histories and compromises
Primary purpose is to dig up information that is becoming scarce, and hopefuly avoid painful learning
by experience what so many have already learned long ago. Also, to help folks get sailing that would otherwise be prevented by a sailing culture driven mainly by marketing
. And finally, to examine the peculiarities of the old rigs and play to their strengths.
My personal interests are the junk rig
and the dipping lug. I am designing a 46' steel
schooner for the junk rig
, and I am preparing to construct a Caldonia Yawl of Ian Oughtred's design with dipping lug.
The dipping lug is interesting to me because it avoids the "bad tack" and apparently dangerous gybe behaviour of the balanced lug, and it is the best way to getting closest to bermudan permormance upwind and retaining better performance downwind, out of a simple cheap
unstayed rig without all the high tech expensive fittings.
lugger method is of particular interest. They tack by hauling the sail and yard around the front of the mast
, using a continuous sheet. The advantage of this is fast tacks as the yard is not lowered, so less to mess about with as a singlehander. The tack is attached to a short downward curving bowsprit
which increases the sail area and brings the luff so far forward there is no need for a jib
, and hence no need for a backstay. The yard and luff are at such an obtuse angle it almost looks like a lateen sail and presents a long leading edge to the clean airflow ahead of the mast
. There is no boom and the sail does not pass across the deck
An alternative is to use the lateen method I saw in a video of racing
luggers in the Canaries
. There, the tack purchase
is attached to a lanya rdpassed around behind the mast, the yard and luff dipping down on their way around the mast. The problem I see in this is that it would be difficult for a singlehander to manage sheet, helm
and tack-purchase. Another problem I expect is how to handle a gybe on the lateen rig; once the stern comes across the wind, the sail would be pressed hard against the mast. This is where I am having trouble finding information.
I suppose one could use both the Beer
and lateen-racer methods depending on situation, the setup can handle both. One could even sail the dipping lug on a bad tack at times where passing yard and sail around would be too dangerous and distracting.
One last area of curiosity for me is the reefing of the dipping lug. I suppose one luffs up and simply shifts the clew and tack-purchase up to the next grommet and ties the unused area of sail out of the way with reef points.
Advice? Experience? Observations? Opinions? Comments? Derision? All welcome. I'll add photos and vids once I reset my lagging computer. Anyone with other rigs in mind, let's hear about them!