Pearling is a surf board term meaning the nose of the board submarining under the water
. Of course, that usually results in a wipe out. In a boat running in storm seas, about the biggest disaster that can happen is the boat version of pearling. The boat runs down the face of a wave and buries it's bow in the trough. The boat's sudden stop caused by the bow going under forces a broach, turns 90 degrees to the following wave. The wave then rolls the boat over. Almost always results in loss of the mast
. If that's the only damage, you'd be lucky. More buoyancy in the bow helps to mitigate the bow going under water
In any case, it's a big problem when running before a storm with large, steep waves. Thats why dragging a drogue
or warps is so important as they slow the boat and, hopefully, prevent the boat from surging ahead and burying it's bow. I have serious questions about these new plumb bowed boats as they are designed to slice into waves which means little initial buoyancy.