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Old 28-05-2006, 04:51   #31
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Priding himself on ”how I secure my boats below decks” , KAI NUI must be a "Yachtsman".

Tom Neale once wrote that one of the differences between a Yachtsman and a Cruiser is the preparatory command for tacking:
The Yachtman shouts: “Ready About”
Whereas the Cruiser shouts: “Timberrrr”

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Gord May
"If you didn't have the time or money to do it right in the first place, when will you get the time/$ to fix it?"

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Old 29-05-2006, 06:58   #32
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Suggest to Fred he learn how to adjust the rake of the mast to help lessen the weather helm. It's hard on the rudder and it's not seamanlike, nor is allowing conditions on board to cause the crew to feel uneasy if they can be reduced or avoided.

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Old 29-05-2006, 17:35   #33
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GORD, that is something I never thought I would be called I will stick with my reputation as a crusty old sailor
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Old 20-06-2006, 14:41   #34
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I had a sail like that yesterday. No wind to 15 knots in a NY second. It made for an interesting sail, especially since my main has no reefing cringles. As we were back in the wind tunnel on the way back to land I rounded up just a bit and featered. Jeesh! What a ride that was. Had the keel cable screaming in our ears instead of moaning. This was my third sail (period) on my V-21. I did notice that the new rudder was still very effective up to 30 degrees or so when I rounded up. No real weather helm at all. While 15 knots may not sound like much to you Bluewater cruisers, it'll make a 21 footer with full up sails dance for sure.
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Old 20-06-2006, 18:46   #35
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It is all in how it hits ya. Sheeted in hard with a sudden gust on the beam will make any boat uncomfortable. Sounds like a great shake down for your new boat
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Old 20-06-2006, 21:34   #36
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crusty for sure ... but still a young pup ... hehehehehe ehhh???
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Old 20-06-2006, 21:46   #37
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I would let Susan give her standard reply but this IS a family forum OTOH, from your perspective...
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Old 28-03-2007, 12:57   #38
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I just found an artical that might be of interest.................._/)
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Old 28-03-2007, 15:28   #39
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Originally Posted by annqueue
Thanks for the responses...

the boat's a Catalina 27. I was looking at the heel-o-meter (tilt-o-meter?), and that's what was saying 30-40 degrees. Some error may be involved due to the angle I was reading it from, but we were definitely way over 15 degrees. I have no idea what point of sail we were on at the time, though I do know they eased the main a bit to make things a little easier on me. [snipped]
Your profile says you're in San Francisco. That tells me a lot!
While on the way to Mexico from Seattle, we stopped for about a month in San Francisco. We were amazed at how NOBODY reefed and most sailors were sailing on their ear. Must be a local malady.

BTW, if your "sweetie" isn't a permanent fixture in your life, maybe you should find one with a multihull. They're faster and sail virtually flat. I've switched and would never go back.

Steve B.
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Old 28-03-2007, 15:43   #40
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First of all, he is heeling the boat too far because it is fun and exciting, but it's a slow way to sail the boat. I have a friend who never gets to sail because he has a family that hates sailing because he didn't understand that he should have been reefing early to keep from scaring his family. You can also sail the boat with less than optimum heel angle. It will be more comfortable, enable you to sail with people that are not thrill seekers, and also be slow.

Lucky for me, when we get into some wind, the kids say heel the boat dad, and they go up into the vberth to bounce around.

As far as sailing efficiently upwind, as Delmarrey's article points out different boats have different heeling angles at which they sail upwind best. Here is a website that the header says was written for Catalina 27s, and was taken for Catalina 34s. Most boats as they heel more they produce more weather helm. Here they are saying that for a Catalina 27 the maximum heel to carry is 20 degrees, when the boat is over that far, adjust the mast rake to adjust the weather helm. They settle on a mast rake position by looking at the tiller angle, saying that it should be less than 7 degrees. Many people say 5 degrees of rudder angle is the most you want. Rudder angle is good to prevent leeway, too much makes the boat slow as you drag the rudder through the water sideways.

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Heavy air adjustments
Decrease rake to give no more than 7 degrees weather rudder just before you reef or shorten sail. (18-20 degrees heel max) Keep lowers tight so the mast is dead straight athwartships. More tension on forward lowers to prebend mast and flatten (de-power) the main

On reaches it can be a different story. I have found on my Cal 40 that upwind, 20 degrees of heel with around 5 degrees of weather helm is pretty much the max for good boat speed, but on a reach more sail area with its increased helm resulted in better boat speed. Once again, if my priority is to keep my crew comfortable, I decrease sail area. It depends on who is on the boat.

Bob Perry is a famous boat designer, I lifted his comments from a sailing world forum.

bob perry
07-27-2005, 10:03 AM
I do not think there is one "optimum angle of heel". It will change with every change of conditions and apparent wind. Like RichH says it's always best to sail the boat flat. Sometimes in very light air you can heel your boat, dinghy style, so your sails use gravity to fall into their designed shape. But this is hard with a 26,000 lb. boat. In a breeze it;s a compromise between comfort, VMG and helm feel.

Some boats do well when pressed hard and sailed on their ear others do not. I think a good rule of thumb is to do whatever you can to acheive the best VMG, i.e. heel the boat if it likes it and sail it flat if it prefers that. In general flater is better and will give you a better helm.

Obviously I design boats on the computer and analyse the hull lines with the boat sailed flat. We use VPP programs to heel the boat and look at it's performance in a variety of conditions. As a boat heels the keel loses efficiency and the immeresed waterlines of the hull become asymetrical. While we can simulate this on the computer we would never chose to start that way. We draw them flat first then see what we give up as the boat heels.

Sailing with the rail down and stanchions throwing rooster tails may be photogenic but in 99% of the cases it's not fast.
bob perry
07-27-2005, 10:51 AM
All boats are different.
Valiant 40's are initially tender and harden up about the time the rub rail hits the water. Valiants love to be pushed hard. In one race we were booming along at the top end of what I considered our max heel engle so I called for a sail change to a smaller jib. The boat flattened out but it also slowed down. So, up went the bigger jib again and we sailed with the rail nearly immersed but our boat speed went back up. That was a close reach
but it might have been different had we been hard on the wind.

Experimentation is the key but that is hard to do unless you are in a formal race situation where everyone around you is also tryng to max performance. If you can maintain good helm balance while heeled 25+ degrees your boat may like that application of hp but it just looks sloppy to drag your rail and all your deck hardware thru the water. If you need a hard number I would say at 30 degrees of heel it's time to start considering some sail reduction options.

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