Actually, in those states that I've known in the US, it IS a crime (misdemeanor, violation, whatever) to place a false 911 call and although the police generally will let you get away with "Sorry, I called you by accident" most of them will still dispatch a unit to make SURE no one is being forced to say that. If you call repeatedly--like the folks in Florida
who complained the burger place didn't out cheese in their cheeseburger. About 50 times in one night, no kidding. Then the police come out to arrest you.
AFAIK the hold the phone's owner responsible unless there's proof someone else was in the premises making unauthorized use of the phone
, and perhaps then too. We might not be so different that way. After all, red light cameras send a ticket to the OWNER regardless of who was driving. Same thing for electonic highway toll passes.
The owner gets the bill. And sometimes, but only sometimes, if you keep explaining you have the police report it was STOLEN FROM YOU, sometimes they dismiss it.
IIRC the marine VHF service
, the marine
, the ham radio
service, and the CB radio service, all follow a similar policy: The station licensee (radio owner) is responsible for ALL transmissions. You are expected to "secure" transmission
, traditionally by unplugging and securing the microphone, when you're not there supervising it.