Local visas existed before the Schengen agreement and some continue to exist, which is why the two rules sets
in Italy the elective residence visa is for people intending to take up permanence residence, eventually , theres a list of citeria as long as your arm. Its not n any form or shape a tourist visa and most people will not meet the eligibility citeria ( for example you have to show you have access to a house in italy).
France long stay visa, also requires similar rules, financial proof that you can support yourself for the full duration of the stay, housing in france etc. They are not easy to get as a typical cruiser.
In Spain, there are several types of long stay visas, one for example is the "Non-lucrative Visa for Spain" again theres a list of citeria as long as your arm including in some cases having upto 75,000 dollars in disposable income
All these visas predate Schengen and are NOT tourist visas, Note that in some cases these make you a tax resident of the country and hence things like VAT , matriculation tax etc fall due on your boat and other assets, ( not to mention the requirement in some cases to meet the local boating
rules, boat registration
and compulsory boat licensing!!!)
None of these visas are really suitable to extend or get around the 90 day tourist visa and need to be entered for carefully and with your eyes wide open.
Well isn't all this stuff interesting ? I did not know this kind of visa even existed. I still say it deprives the Schengen rules of all meaning and function but WTF I'll play along.
No its doesnt, there are not tourist visas, are not straightforward to get and can have tax implications, they can all make you a " tax resident" of the country.
It means that a non EU citizen can get a 6 month visa in each of France, Spain and Italy and so use up all of the boat's VAT time allowance. Then you head for Morocco, Croatia or Turkey.
No you cant , you become in most cases a resident of teh country under EU laws VAT is immediately due, there are some reliefs under the Transfer of Residence£ EU wide rules, but this is tax lawyer stuff and complicated and assumes you have a home in the country etc.
but i have found nearly all European countries will allow aussies 90 days with out incurring penalties
I dont know when you were last in the Schengen area, but this statement is not blanket true. Italy Greece and Germany
were enaged in a severe clampdown on overstayers in recent years. Spain has been lax, but thats changing with the recession. As I said in my original post , if your a white anglo saxon type there is a bit of discretion, but I'd heed MarkJ postsing on this. One run in with the authorities and you aint entering any EU country again.
Long stay visas just simply are not suitable for cruisers.