I am planning the installation
of a solar
panel and controller in my own little boat (Beneteau 323).
The “big picture” is that I want to install one 135W flexible planel made with Sunforce cells ($259 from Ebay vendor discountsolar) and Genasun GV-10 MPPT
controller ($146 from altestore.com). The panel will be mounted on the bimini canvas
in a way that can be removed when we put away the boat for hurricane
season, and probably reinforced with a polycarbonate backing. Wire size between panel and controller (round trip about 40ft) will be AWG 10 that is easy to install and will give me voltage drop of 1.9% assuming peak power point of 17V. Between controller and battery
(short distance) I will also use AWG 10
Now I need to define the detail to get all the parts
and have them shipped to the boat. I would appreciate informed thoughts on the questions below:
- Does anyone have any experience (good or bad) with the “Semi-Flexible 135 Watt Solar Panel, High Efficiency Sunpower Marine Rated” panels sold in ebay by a vendor called “discountsolar”?
- What is a sensible location for the solar controller in a 33-ft monohull? The house battery (200Ah) Lifeline AGM is located in the engine compartment behind the companionway steps. That is a dry place that is close to the battery but it may get hot at times. Another possible place close to the battery is below the master bed in the aft cabin, where all the big fuses are. This place is cooler but it is very low and to one side of the boat, so it could get wet if there is some flooding inside the boat while it is heeled.
- What type of cable should I use between panel and controller? I would prefer to use round cable that will seal better at the gland, but my usual suppliers (Defender and genuinedealz.com) do not have it. Is there a good source of round marine tinned AWG 10-2 cable?
- How to connect the cable to the MC4 connectors in the panel? I want to keep the MC4s there because it will be necessary to remove the panels at times (hurricane season, etc). I would appreciate help in identifying the type of MC4 connectors I need and how do I install them in the AWG10-2 cable to make the thing waterproof. Or should I just use separate cables for positive and negative, to make it easier to seal against the MC4 connectors (or just cut in half a ready-made “MC4 extension cord” and make two cables out of it)?
- How to seal the cables where they go through the deck? Given that the bimini bases are articulated, I need to pass the cables through a hole in the deck. I am afraid I cannot find in the US a good cable “gland” to seal the hole. Where can I find something like this? http://www.saltyjohn.co.uk/images/pr.../gland-out.jpg
- What fuse/breaker should I install close to battery end? I am thinking about installing a 15A breaker between the controller and the battery (close to the battery), which will let me disconnect the controller from the battery to reset the absorption time, and also protect the AWG 10 wire (ampacity 20A in engine space) against shorts or overload. I was thinking of a surface-mount breaker such as this but cannot find it in 10 or 15A rating. Any ideas of a cheap 15A breaker for surface mount that will work on a boat?
- Do I need to install a fuse close to the panel end? My first guess is that, given that the panel is limited to its design current Isc= 5.8A that is not greater than the AWG10 ampacity of 15A, I do not need a fuse close to the panels. Am I missing something?