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Old 15-09-2013, 06:12   #2941
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Re: LiFePO4 Batteries: Discussion Thread for Those Using Them as House Banks

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Originally Posted by ebaugh View Post
Evtv.me
You either have the patience of a saint or nothing better to do with your time. I watched Jack Rickard many yrs ago, before the first
evcon and it was getting hard to stay awake through a whole eposide back then... but now.... I wonder if anyone will do a readers digest version

T1 Terry
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Old 15-09-2013, 08:47   #2942
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Quote:
Originally Posted by T1 Terry View Post
You either have the patience of a saint or nothing better to do with your time. I watched Jack Rickard many yrs ago, before the first
evcon and it was getting hard to stay awake through a whole eposide back then... but now.... I wonder if anyone will do a readers digest version

T1 Terry
I follow the blog every week. Only watch the show if it's especially interesting, and even then skip around.
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Old 17-09-2013, 20:14   #2943
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Re: LiFePO4 Batteries: Discussion Thread for Those Using Them as House Banks

Now look what you've done, they have all gone off to watch an episode of EVTV and dropped into a coma...... how else can you explain the lack of posts :lol:

T1 Terry
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Old 25-09-2013, 11:13   #2944
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Re: LiFePO4 Batteries: Discussion Thread for Those Using Them as House Banks

Hello T1 Terry and Ebaugh,

Seems quiet enough for me to say a first " Hello " and a Big Thank You both for all your interesting educational and informative posts.

I will not post often as typing and spelling are not skills I have , it is sad to say this post took me hours to do.

I appriciate your efforts most ,and those of others, but yours were the ones I followed closest as I tried to learn about lithium ion batteries, specifically LiFePO4 batteries. I needed to read "been there done that "info.

I also followed the lithiam ion articles from "Technomadia" who have the same Victron charger as mine and the same manufacturer of batteries as Ebauch and myself.

I read every post from the beginning to the end and then again many times, as well as everything I could find on the net.

My skills are from a steel fabrication background and I apply that to projects on my boat . I am not electronically smart and employed a smart , intelligent Electical engineer who used his expertise and your parameters for seting up the charging voltages from the equipment I have on board. This is his first LiFeP04 project he has worked on, there are none here on boats for house banks ....YET.

My boat is a 47' 2001,Baylinner 4788 pilot house motoryacht with twin 370 hp cummings diesels and an 8kw westerbeke gen set that I have owned for the last 7 years. I travel in protected waterways and am slowly upgrading her to become a year round liveaboard going south in the winter months and back north in the summer, following the intercoastal waterways, lakes n cannals. I am not an open water boater. Home port, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

To cut to the chase I installed 84 only second hand 60 amp GBS batteries in July and had a trouble free month August traveling away from my home marina where I live 5 -6 months of the year on my boat. I average 200 hrs per year on my engines and am away from 8 to 10 weeks of the season/year.

I am an energy hog with the original 2001 Norcold fridge freezer , the original U-Line ice maker, a new cheap 120 volt Danby 3.? cu foot fridge on the aft deck and a new 3.? cu foot Danby 120 volt freezer on the top deck.

Typically during a warm day I see 28 to 30 amps being drawn from the equipment and that soars when cooking on the electric stove ,or making coffee ,or toast ,all on 120 volt appliances, via the inverter.

Due to the limited space I had ,the cells are configured as follows ;

84 batteries physically divided into 6 assemblies or sets.
Each set consisting of 14 only 3.2 volt cells.
Each set of 14 is securely bolted and pressed together with 4 only 3/8'' threaded rods and 5/16'' aluminum end plates with 4 holes in each ,weighing just over 74 # per assembly.
Easy to handle versus the previous 150#

Different but it works. My battery bank has never never gone over 98 Deg F.and that temperature is recorded during top off charging

To try to explain the physical layout my 6 assemblies of 14 are installed in my bilge where the aft water tank used to be under the floor of my main bedroom.

If you picture 3 rows wide and two long you get the picture. These groups are then individually wired, forming 4 banks of 21 batteries in Parallel ....then these banks are hooked in series to give me my 12 volt house battery of 1260 amps.



We haul out each year as everything freezes, my boat is shrink wraped and I winterize every system. The boat is on the hard each winter since early Nov to some time in April or May depending on weather and schedules

On my first cruise this past May 18, 2013 my 3 season old, 900 #, 1100 amp hour, sealed gel cell house bank giving me 550 usable amps died.

Three years ago I installed the 6 only 4 d batteries made by Power Battery Company at 150# each. It was nessary for me to get a sealed type AGM or GEL cell battery as the place I have them is under my bed.The company went bankrupt and I had no recource on my batteries.

At the time I put in my Gel cells I also had installed a Victron Multiplus 12 volt, 3000 watt 120 amp charger, coupled with the remote Victron Digital Multi Control and a Victron BMV 600battery monitor.

Last year I also upgraded my Stbd side main engine with a 12volt Ample Alternator model # 4059 with a rating of 160 / 147 AMPS SAE/200 deg. F.

With the install of my Lithium Batteries this year I added a Victron Centar battery charger .12volt 80 amps at a cost of $589.99 (all costs are in US funds), to aid in faster charging when running the gen. set.

For some reason , my Victron Multiplus 12/3000 /120 amp inverter would never give my battery bank more than 95 or so amps and even though I added an 80 amp charger this year I cannot read more than 130 - 140 amps into my bank and that is when they are at 55% capacity. All this when plugged into shore power, simmular when running genny.

I am not electrical by nature and it took me a while to understand the features of my Victron and big house bank but you would think 200 amps of charging would give me more than the maximum 130 - 140 amps it is giving me. At any rate I am happy with the charge rate I have


Victron Battery monitor read outs differs a little from Elite Power Systems CPU Display, in all things, but are close enough most time for good comparision. Except when the Victron looses the State of charge after a period of not top balencing and I rely on the Elite. On 3 occasions in the month of August the Elite read out went stupid and read ''OFF SCALE LOW VOLTAGE" on one page with a good individual bank reading on the second page??? All was/is good and I think the Elite CPU has intermitant problems when the battery bank goes over 13.55 volts. Another boat project to be studied and played with.....

I have used , as Ebaugh and Technomadia, Elite Power Solutions for the supplier of my Technical Battery Monitoring ( BMS) stuff;

Products Purchase from Elite
1 x EMS-LCD $50.00...( have since replaced this with an old 15'' monitor with remote control so I could turn on and off from my bed when learning the charging cycles)
1 x EMS-CPU (no CAN) $155.00
40 x BL40 $358.00
1 x EMS-4SB-V6 $106.00
Total: $669.00

As I had purchased used batteries from a prototype water ski electric boat with a claimed only approx 50 cycles on them I added the 40 only BL40 at $8.95 each you see above.

The Elite Power Solution in house engineer suggested them to aid in my top balancing and they work for me.
( I was going crazy during the initial garage bench charging of the 84 individual cells ....adding lamps and loads to each Individual 60 amp cell that charged faster than others to allow them to achieve the max charge ).

Initially I placed 10 of the Elite Power Solutions recomende BL40 in each bank and then added another 3 so I have 13 of them in each bank of 21 cells in paralelle.

It is nice to see the green lights on and then the reds come on as the little independant boards begin to bleed off charging at 3.55 volts allowing the slower ones to catch up. I will eventually have them on each battery. They do cause heat but I do not often top up my batteries. And again I never went over 98 deg. F.


I used Sonic Electronix for the fuses and bought them in packs of 25, it was the cheapest way, This was a challenge as each fuse connection had to be trimed with metal shears and assembled with a 4 hole washer, that also had to be cut from the surplus factory issued thin metal eight hole battery connectors ,as seen in Ebauch's photos, that I could not use.

Scosche P80WFI-25: 2 @ $29.95,
I ended up with 100.so 4 x the 29.95

It took me a couple of hundred hours and delayed my cruise by a month to learn about, obtain, dissemble, clean, reassemble in a format to test, charge, test, dissemble, design a format to fit my space,reassemble, ALL THOSE SCREWS AND YES.... WIRES ...to make and connect on my knees.....at times it felt like piece work and production line assembly work.

BUT was it worth it ????............YES !

I now have a battery bank weighing less than half ( 445 # verses 900#)and giving me almost double the usable capacity ( 1000 amps verses 550)


As we all understand ...no-one truely knowes how long they will last, and each boat/application is a little different. Time will tell ,and parameters of preservation are being established. Thanks to you Technical type individuals and the tests you do in real life situations. As you continue to share with us your data and your expanding knowledge base with no commercial incentives, benchmarks will become common knowledge.
You are donating your time to these posts and YOU ARE APPRECIATED .

Thank You Both.

Very Best Regards,

Pete
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Old 06-10-2013, 10:18   #2945
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Re: LiFePO4 Batteries: Discussion Thread for Those Using Them as House Banks

Hi, read browsed through this very interesting thread and am thinkting to replace my batteries onboard my 41ft sloop soon.

Based on an article posted somewhere in this thread some time ago (Lithium Batteries) I have the first question:

I am thinking to use Winston WB-LYP400AHA (400Ah)cells. The price for the 200Ah cells is almost exactly half the price of the 400Ah cells here in Germany. Is there any advantage in using the 200Ah cells (needing twice the amount of cells compared to using 400Ah cells)?

Or putting it in different words - is there an advantage to put two batteries in parallel compared to a single battery?

Thanks,

Carsten
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Old 07-10-2013, 03:49   #2946
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Carsten,

Right now I don't know any compelling reason to favor large or small cell sizes. So the best utilization of space available is the main consideration. Fewer cells can make the installation a little easier.

Bob
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Old 07-10-2013, 04:46   #2947
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Re: LiFePO4 Batteries: Discussion Thread for Those Using Them as House Banks

Carsten,
I'm posting the link below not to steer you to this seller but at the very bottom of the page there's a FAQ and charge info. etc that refers to Winston cells.
EV-Power | Large Capacity Lithium Battery Packs - 700AH and 1000AH cells
Cheers,
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Old 08-10-2013, 02:18   #2948
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Re: LiFePO4 Batteries: Discussion Thread for Those Using Them as House Banks

... thanks Bob, thanks Mac!

Will probably have more questions later ... Planning to use mainly a hydro generator to charge the cells.

Carsten
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Old 08-10-2013, 05:18   #2949
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Quote:
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... thanks Bob, thanks Mac!

Will probably have more questions later ... Planning to use mainly a hydro generator to charge the cells.

Carsten
That's sounds interesting , pics or it didnt happen

Dave
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Old 09-10-2013, 15:53   #2950
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Re: LiFePO4 Batteries: Discussion Thread for Those Using Them as House Banks

I'm getting ready to install eight 700 aH LiFePo4 cells in a 24 volt configuration for our home's backup power system.
I've seen several pics in this thread and others where the cells are banded and held by aluminum plates, but nowhere has there been any information posted about where to get the plates.

Also, how much strength is needed for these containment systems?
I'll use nylock nuts and all thread.
Would 1/4" aluminum plate be sufficient? Plywood?

Thanks in advance.
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Old 09-10-2013, 16:16   #2951
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Re: LiFePO4 Batteries: Discussion Thread for Those Using Them as House Banks

Steve, glad to see you got your cells. Your emails had me a bit concerned. I don't think banding would be needed in your low C application. How old are the cells and how is the balancing going?
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Old 09-10-2013, 18:06   #2952
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Re: LiFePO4 Batteries: Discussion Thread for Those Using Them as House Banks

Is that 3.12 volts for all in parallel?
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Old 09-10-2013, 18:35   #2953
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Re: LiFePO4 Batteries: Discussion Thread for Those Using Them as House Banks

Quote:
Originally Posted by senormechanico View Post
I'm getting ready to install eight 700 aH LiFePo4 cells in a 24 volt configuration for our home's backup power system.
I've seen several pics in this thread and others where the cells are banded and held by aluminum plates, but nowhere has there been any information posted about where to get the plates.

Also, how much strength is needed for these containment systems?
I'll use nylock nuts and all thread.
Would 1/4" aluminum plate be sufficient? Plywood?

Thanks in advance.
Hi Steve and Bob,
Bob is probably right about not 'needing' banding but all the material I have suggests it's wise to have it to restrict any 'pumping' in the cells BUT more importantly take any stress off the electrical connections.
I've too many pix to post as examples but they range from all metal end plates with side bands [all from manufacturers] to end plates of marine ply [looks 1/2"] with compression strapping [as used in heavy packaging] and the obvious right angled corner pieces with threaded rods or strapping.
The rods used are not large enough to be hi-torque so until I find a manufacturers torque note [which I have somewhere], I'd suggest tight enough to secure the bank as a block is good enough.
Both banks I built have aluminium end plates and side u channels but they are both in mobile applications and the more rigid the bank the better. IMO
Cheers,
Mac
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Old 09-10-2013, 18:41   #2954
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Quote:
Originally Posted by senormechanico View Post
I'm getting ready to install eight 700 aH LiFePo4 cells in a 24 volt configuration for our home's backup power system. I've seen several pics in this thread and others where the cells are banded and held by aluminum plates, but nowhere has there been any information posted about where to get the plates. Also, how much strength is needed for these containment systems? I'll use nylock nuts and all thread. Would 1/4" aluminum plate be sufficient? Plywood? Thanks in advance.
My plates came with the cells. And I could not talk my supplier into allowing me to skip using them, if I wanted warranty coverage.

I'm pretty sure for standby power at less than .5C charge and discharge they are not needed. But on the other hand, they won't hurt anything either.

Some of the battery suppliers that sell to the EV market have banding systems available. I think if space allowed it, you could use threaded rod to either custom cut aluminum plates or 1/2 inch or better plywood. Or you could use 1 inch nylon webbing with ratcheting come alongs, also with aluminum or plywood on the ends.

I used them to unband and reband. See pic. You would not need the 2x4's on the side and could do more cells.

Bob
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Old 09-10-2013, 18:41   #2955
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Re: LiFePO4 Batteries: Discussion Thread for Those Using Them as House Banks

This is the strapping Balqon did on my cells.



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