In case you have bad luck and your machine has badly broken OpenGL drivers, which seems to be this case, you can always start OpenCPN
using "OpenCPN x.y.z - No OpenGL" from the start menu (And replace the desktop
shortcut with it if you like)
To just disable OpenGL you can also manually edit your C:\ProgramData\opencpn\opencpn.ini configuration file and set OpenGL=0 there. Or delete the config file completely to get back to "factory settings". (OpenCPN must not run while you edit/delete the config file)
If you want to resolve your problem, look for updated drivers for your graphic card. It would also be handy if you could post your logfile so that we can blacklist the broken drivers your machine has for the next release.