Every boat is different in terms of heaving to
or fore-reaching while in the hove to state. Also, the same boat will have vastly different behavior given different wind speeds, different trip loading, how full are the water tanks
, etc? Along the lines of never-say-never, it's a changing landscape of behavior for most boats.
Above the waterline, in general--the windage forward of the boat's fore-and-aft CG is trying to take the boat to leeward and the windage aft of the CG is trying to take her up into the wind (to weather).
Below the waterline, the hull
form is responding similarly to the forces of the water
. If you have a full keel
boat with barn door rudder
, all that underwater profile is a benefit to creating that nice slick of calming water that you can essentially ride out some weather
as you sit behind it. Fore-reaching too much takes one out of the slick and diminishes the benefit of the hove to state. The more sail you have up, the more fore reaching (forereacing? fore-reaching
) that occurs.
That's a very simplistic statement but generally paints the picture.
The bigger the winds, the less sail area needed to achieve the hove to state. So, it's a constantly varying thing. No absolute "do x and you'll be fine" in all conditions for any boat, much less all boats.
Once the boat is in the hove to state (which may or may not involved a significant bit of fore-reaching really dependent upon how much sail was used to keep the boat hove to...) there's a nice little oscillation that transpires. The windage aft trying to point you up and then the forward windage (provided by that scrap of jib) trying to take you leeward. We're taught in the classic discussion for heaving to that rudder is set to take one into the wind, but depending on the balance of sail and underwater profile of the boat, the rudder may be set to a different position or neutral.
The above and below water hull
form contributes to the boat's ability to heave to easily.
For example, our (30T, 54' LOD 69' LOA) boat
has enough sheer that the bow windage is pretty significant, but being flush deck
with a low cabin
aft, we have unexpectedly little windage aft. We exacerbate matters by the windage of carrying a 17 ft canoe on deck
, forward of the boat's CG and starting a trip, our tankage loads us stern heavy and bow light.
We don't have much of a forekeel but has a deep full keel aft and barn door rudder aft. Given this, when not experiencing the forward momentum of sailing, she wants to turn and run downwind at the drop of a hat and our efforts to heave to, without significant fore-reaching in anything but the lightest of winds mean NO headsail at all--we're presently having a tri-sail made for the specific purpose of heaving to in heavy weather--our mainsail
deeply reefed provides too much windage for use in storm conditions and when we counter with a tiny staysail forward, we are fore-reaching more than desired and we oscillate too far off the wind for our liking.
The Flicka 20 has a substantial full keel and aft rudder that should respond well to one's efforts to heave to.
On a boat the size of the Flicka 20, the windage of "things" aboard are going to play into the picture--and even where you've stashed everything below decks (did you fill up the bow of the boat so she's a bit low in the water up forward, for example? will make some difference.
All in all, a teeny little flat jib (a scrap of you furled jib left out) will hopefully do the job of providing the force to leeward countering your rudder set to drive you to windward. Only a bit of practice will tell.
We're a schooner and have the staysail/jib combo to play with. We habitually sail with a high clew Yankee jib and find it very useful. You may evaluate the cut (flat vs full) and the clew height of the sail for all-round utility and think of the heaving to aspects of it as secondary anyway. With a small boat like the Flicka 20, I imagine at sea there's a lot of heaving to needed as conditions rise beyond what the small boat should be sailing in. The only people I know ocean sailing with very small boats also carry a strong, flat storm jib
for use in such cases.
I look forward to hearing what you do with your jib, heaving to, and how it all works out on your Flicka 20.